During the Civil War, photographers began selling cartes-de-visite photographs of prominent military and civil leaders on both sides of the war. (Cartes-de-visite are photographic prints mounted on cardboard about 2 x 4 inches in size.) Collecting these images has been a favorite pastime of many ever since. The Alabama Department of Archives and History has four collections of cartes-de-visite photographs of Confederate officers and leaders, chiefly generals. They are as follows: Dr. Young Confederate Officers Photograph Album, Charles T. Pollard Confederate Officers Photograph Album, Robert E. Steiner Confederate Officers Photographs, and the Shorter Mansion Photograph Album.
The Alabama Department of Archives and History (ADAH) is making these images available online for research and educational purposes. Anyone wishing to make use of these images for publication in any commercial enterprise must obtain written permission from the ADAH and must attribute the ADAH as the custodian of the originals.
Dr. Young Confederate Officers Photograph Album
This collection contains one hundred ninety-two cartes-de-visite photographs of officers who served in the Confederate army. The album was compiled by a Dr. Young of Anniston, Alabama, but nothing further is known about him. The majority of the officers served as either major generals or brigadier generals in the Confederate forces. The collection includes the photographs of many lesser known officers, as well as the famous, such as Lee, Beauregard, Morgan, Jackson, and Stuart. The collection also includes photos of a few past American presidents and European royalty.
Charles T. Pollard Confederate Officers Photograph Album
Charles T. Pollard was a captain on the staff of General William Wirt Allen at the close of the Civil War. Prior to 1864 he saw action at Seven Pines, the Seven Days Battle, and Malvern Hill. Before and after the war Pollard was a planter in Montgomery, Alabama. The photograph album consists of forty-nine cartes-de-visite depicting various Confederate generals. There are also a small number of photographs labeled as "colonel" or "general" that cannot be positively identified.
Robert E. Steiner Confederate Officers Photogrpahs
These twenty-three cartes-de-visites of Confederate commanders were found among the possessions of Robert E. Steiner III after his death. Steiner is presumed to be the collector of these cartes-de-visites.
Shorter Mansion Photograph Album
This album from the Shorter Mansion in Eufaula, Alabama, contains many cartes-de-visite photographs of Confederate officers, clergy, and other people, many of whom are unidentified. Sixty-one of the cartes-de-visite are online, including forty Confederate officers and leaders, eighteen clergymen, and three women.
Browse Confederate officers from all four photograph collections.
Other photographs of Confederate soldiers
The Alabama Department of Archives and History has more photographs of Confederate soldiers, both enlisted men and officers, in other collections. These photographs are chiefly of men in Alabama units.