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You've searched: Alabama Textual Materials Collection

  • Subject: African Americans--Civil rights
(304 results)



Display: 50

    • ''The 'Jim Crow' Car."

    • 1896 May 19
    • This article discusses the decision of the United States Supreme Court in the case of Plessy versus Ferguson, which upheld a Louisiana law that required separate railroad cars for white and African American passengers; the court considered this...
    • Q17544
    • "8 Negroes Here Ask Court Erase Parks Barriers."

    • 1958 December 23
    • This article describes a suit filed in federal court to protest a Montgomery city ordinance requiring segregated parks and recreation facilities. The eight African Americans, represented by attorney Solomon S. Seay, Jr., ask that the ordinance be...
    • Q17540 - Q17541
    • "A Negro New Jerusalem."

    • 1902 November 8
    • This article criticizes an "immigration scheme" designed to attract African American citizens to a city in the midwestern United States, where "everything will be in the hands of the negro" (including city management, industry, and education). The...
    • Q17440 - Q17441
    • "Accused Ravishing Huntsville Girls."

    • 1931 March 25
    • This article gives details about the arrest of the "Scottsboro Boys" and their alleged assault of Ruby Bates and Victoria Price ("one of the most brutal attacks in the history of the Tennessee Valley").
    • Q24889
    • "Alabama Council Newsletter," Volume 3, Number 1.

    • 1957 June
    • This newsletter was published by the Alabama Council on Human Relations, Inc., "An Organization to Attain, Through Research and Action, Equal Opportunities for All People of Alabama." This issue includes articles on "segregation by intimidation"...
    • Q18356 - Q18360
    • "Alabamians Assail Ad Backing Dr. King."

    • 1960 April 8
    • Article from The New York Times that discusses reaction to an advertisement published by the paper, requesting funds for the legal defense of Martin Luther King, Jr. Alabamians are indignant about claims the ad made against state officials and...
    • Q25047
    • "Ballots, Bullets and Blood."

    •  
    • "How Blacks Have Died for the Right to Vote." Leaflet issued by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Inside is a list of African Americans who were killed from 1955 to 1968: Lamar Smith, George W. Lee, Herbert Lee, Medgar...
    • Q2456 - Q2457
    • "Boycott of the Cars."

    • 1902 November 11
    • This article reports that African Americans in Mobile are still boycotting street railroads to protest a new segregation ordinance; it also mentions that "several cases of negroes being reviled for riding on the cars have been reported."
    • Q17443
    • "Breakdown of White & Negro Voters" in Alabama counties.

    • 1962
    • Some counties only give voter totals with no division by race, and no figures are available for twenty-six counties. The data was compiled by the secretary of state from questionnaires issued to probate judges.
    • Q34222
    • "Cars Not Boycotted."

    • 1900 August 16
    • This article describes the response of African American citizens to the ordinance recently passed by the Montgomery city council, which requires segregation on street cars. Although there is "no organized boycott," most African American preachers...
    • Q17403
    • "City Commission Determined to Keep Parks Segregated."

    • 1958 December 23
    • This article discusses efforts in Montgomery to maintain segregated city parks: "...commissioners here, served with a copy of a complaint filed by Negroes in U.S. District Court, repeated earlier statements that come what may, parks in Montgomery...
    • Q17542 - Q17543
    • "Civil Rights in Alabama."

    • 1874
    • In this message to the United States House of Representatives, President Ulysses S. Grant presents a statement he received from a group of African Americans in Montgomery, Alabama, who had assembled to discuss the "grave and menacing dangers that...
    • Q24122 - Q24131
    • "Court's march order ends at Capitol."

    • 1965 March 24
    • This article from the Birmingham News discusses the extent of the order issued by U.S. District Judge Frank M. Johnson, which permitted and protected the Selma to Montgomery March: "The order.stops short of approving plans for a demonstration on...
    • Q34214
    • "Death Penalty for Crime."

    • 1931 April 25
    • Thomas Walker Wallace wrote this piece for his column "Here and There," which was published in the Birmingham Reporter, an African American newspaper. In it he argues against the death penalty. While he concedes that "It seems reasonable that when...
    • Q24978
    • "Heed Their Rising Voices."

    • 1960 March 29
    • Copy of an advertisement published in The New York Times by the Committee to Defend Martin Luther King and the Struggle for Freedom in the South. The ad describes nonviolent civil rights demonstrations across the South, specifically mentioning a...
    • Q25058 - Q25060, Q25068
    • "How the Nine Arrests at Scottsboro Were Effected."

    • 1931 March 26
    • This article gives an account of the arrest of the "Scottsboro Boys," which was submitted by a traveling salesman. It describes the appearance and behavior of the nine young men and the two women they were accused of assaulting, and it mentions...
    • Q24893
    • "Ignoring the Segregation Ordinance."

    • 1902 December 2
    • This article reports that the president of the Mobile Light and Railroad Company is challenging the new city ordinance requiring white and African American passengers to be seated in separate sections on street cars. His company is having trouble...
    • Q17444 - Q17445
    • "Integrated Bus Suggestions."

    • 1956 December 19
    • This flier was issued by the Montgomery Improvement Association after the end of the bus boycott.
    • Q58433
    • "It Is Not To Be In Oak Park."

    • 1958 August 27
    • This editorial was written after African American citizens submitted a petition asking for Montgomery city parks to be integrated; the piece was reprinted on December 24 in response to a federal lawsuit filed to protest park segregation. The author...
    • Q20169
    • "Jim Crow Cars."

    • 1900 July 24
    • This article responds to a prediction in The Springfield Republican (a newspaper in Massachusetts) that segregated public transportation in the South would not succeed due to economic pressures: "The Republican takes the position that the...
    • Q14558
    • "Negro voter may cast deciding ballot Tuesday."

    • 1966 November 6
    • This article from the Birmingham News discusses the role of African American voters in Alabama's upcoming gubernatorial election. It examines the factors that will influence the "power of the Negro vote" in the three-way contest, including voter...
    • Q34220
    • "Negroes Riot in Gadsden to Protest Doom."

    • 1931 April 10
    • This article discusses the rioting in the Etowah County jail by eight of the "Scottsboro Boys," who had been convicted and given the death penalty: "When finally quieted and asked what was the matter, one of the negroes replied, 'We just don't like...
    • Q24943
    • "Negroes' Most Urgent Needs."

    • 1955 March
    • Flier issued by African American citizens in Montgomery, Alabama, to expose the injustices and unacceptable living conditions affecting their community.
    • Q2571
    • "Pensacola's Street Car Boycott by Negroes."

    • 1905 May 17
    • This article reports that African Americans in Pensacola, Florida, are boycotting street railroads to protest a proposed segregation ordinance. The article argues that while this response is common in cities with similar laws, the boycotts are...
    • Q17450
    • "Race Separation in the Street Cars."

    • 1902 November 5
    • This article compares street car ordinances in Mobile and New Orleans: "Of the two the Mobile law seems to be the best, for it does not require the making of separate compartments in the cars, but simply that white passengers shall be seated in the...
    • Q17437
    • "Race Separation."

    • 1900 August 11
    • This article cites a newspaper from Washington, D.C., which predicts that segregationist sentiment in the nation's capital will lead to "Jim Crow" street cars there: "What is true in Washington is true elsewhere, and especially in the South. The...
    • Q14562
    • "Revolting in Last Degree in Story of Girls."

    • 1931 March 26
    • This article gives details about the arrest of the "Scottsboro Boys" and their alleged assault of Ruby Bates and Victoria Price ("one of the most horrible ever perpetrated in the United States"). Three National Guard companies were called up to...
    • Q24896, Q24900
    • "Selma's 'bloody Sunday' recalled after 10 years."

    • 1975 March 2
    • This article from the Mobile Press-Register recounts the events of "Bloody Sunday," which some citizens claim "hastened the passage of the voting rights act by Congress" in 1965. It then examines current conditions for African Americans in the...
    • Q34218 - Q34219
    • "Separation Law Ignored."

    • 1902 December 2
    • This article reports that the city ordinance segregating street cars is still in force, despite a local company's decision to ignore it. The head of the Mobile Light and Railroad Company adopted this policy because of uncooperative passengers and...
    • Q17448 - Q17449
    • "Separation of Races."

    • 1902 November 4
    • This article reports the reactions of both African American and white citizens to the new ordinance requiring segregation on Montgomery street cars: "As a rule no trouble was experienced and the only thing noticeable was the absence of negroes from...
    • Q17436
    • "Voter lists up by 31% after federal drive."

    • 1966 October 2
    • This article from the Birmingham News discusses the increase in the number of registered voters in Alabama following the Voting Rights Act of 1965: "It was an over-all gain of more than 31 per cent which affected the voter totals of virtually all...
    • Q34221
    • "Wet Marchers Pass Halfway Point."

    • 1965 March 23
    • This article from the Alabama Journal discusses the progress of the Selma to Montgomery March, describing conditions of the road and campsites; distances walked each day; protection provided by the National Guard; the leaders of the demonstration;...
    • Q34215 - Q34216
    • "Whites and Blacks To Be Separated."

    • 1900 July 3
    • This article reports on a recent meeting of the Montgomery city council, at which the aldermen discussed a proposed ordinance to segregate street railroads; the ordinance would not require separate cars for the races, which had been a concern of...
    • Q17401
    • "Will Separate Races on Cars."

    • 1900 August 7
    • This article announces that the Montgomery city council has adopted an ordinance to segregate street cars: "...all street railroads operated in the City of Montgomery and its police jurisdiction shall provide separate accommodations for white...
    • Q17402
    • "Workers--White and Negro Unite to Win!"

    • 1934
    • Advertisement for a May Day rally sponsored by the International Labor Defense, to be held Birmingham, Alabama, on May 1. The flier encourages unity among workers of both races to "Defy the terror and Jim Crow orders of the bosses" and to resist...
    • Q34139
    • Anonymous letter from Oakland, California, to the Governor of Alabama.

    • 1931 June 20
    • An anonymous letter sent to Governor Miller. This letter suggests that African Americans should have never come to the United States, but that the people of Alabama could "wipem all out in a few days." Whether the sender truly believes they are...
    • Q63027

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