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You've searched: Alabama Textual Materials Collection

  • Description: African
(124 results)



Display: 50

    • ''The 'Jim Crow' Car."

    • 1896 May 19
    • This article discusses the decision of the United States Supreme Court in the case of Plessy versus Ferguson, which upheld a Louisiana law that required separate railroad cars for white and African American passengers; the court considered this...
    • Q17544
    • "8 Negroes Here Ask Court Erase Parks Barriers."

    • 1958 December 23
    • This article describes a suit filed in federal court to protest a Montgomery city ordinance requiring segregated parks and recreation facilities. The eight African Americans, represented by attorney Solomon S. Seay, Jr., ask that the ordinance be...
    • Q17540 - Q17541
    • "A Negro New Jerusalem."

    • 1902 November 8
    • This article criticizes an "immigration scheme" designed to attract African American citizens to a city in the midwestern United States, where "everything will be in the hands of the negro" (including city management, industry, and education). The...
    • Q17440 - Q17441
    • "Alabama Council Newsletter," Volume 3, Number 1.

    • 1957 June
    • This newsletter was published by the Alabama Council on Human Relations, Inc., "An Organization to Attain, Through Research and Action, Equal Opportunities for All People of Alabama." This issue includes articles on "segregation by intimidation"...
    • Q18356 - Q18360
    • "Ballots, Bullets and Blood."

    •  
    • "How Blacks Have Died for the Right to Vote." Leaflet issued by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Inside is a list of African Americans who were killed from 1955 to 1968: Lamar Smith, George W. Lee, Herbert Lee, Medgar...
    • Q2456 - Q2457
    • "Boycott of the Cars."

    • 1902 November 11
    • This article reports that African Americans in Mobile are still boycotting street railroads to protest a new segregation ordinance; it also mentions that "several cases of negroes being reviled for riding on the cars have been reported."
    • Q17443
    • "Cars Not Boycotted."

    • 1900 August 16
    • This article describes the response of African American citizens to the ordinance recently passed by the Montgomery city council, which requires segregation on street cars. Although there is "no organized boycott," most African American preachers...
    • Q17403
    • "Civil Rights in Alabama."

    • 1874
    • In this message to the United States House of Representatives, President Ulysses S. Grant presents a statement he received from a group of African Americans in Montgomery, Alabama, who had assembled to discuss the "grave and menacing dangers that...
    • Q24122 - Q24131
    • "Colored Citizens Mass Meeting."

    • 1900
    • Flyer for a prohibition meeting organized by African American ministers in Birmingham, Alabama. The meeting was held "to protest against colored women visiting barrooms and barroom premises. Also against children visiting such places, for whisky...
    • Q26126
    • "Death Penalty for Crime."

    • 1931 April 25
    • Thomas Walker Wallace wrote this piece for his column "Here and There," which was published in the Birmingham Reporter, an African American newspaper. In it he argues against the death penalty. While he concedes that "It seems reasonable that when...
    • Q24978
    • "Ignoring the Segregation Ordinance."

    • 1902 December 2
    • This article reports that the president of the Mobile Light and Railroad Company is challenging the new city ordinance requiring white and African American passengers to be seated in separate sections on street cars. His company is having trouble...
    • Q17444 - Q17445
    • "It Is Not To Be In Oak Park."

    • 1958 August 27
    • This editorial was written after African American citizens submitted a petition asking for Montgomery city parks to be integrated; the piece was reprinted on December 24 in response to a federal lawsuit filed to protest park segregation. The author...
    • Q20169
    • "Negro voter may cast deciding ballot Tuesday."

    • 1966 November 6
    • This article from the Birmingham News discusses the role of African American voters in Alabama's upcoming gubernatorial election. It examines the factors that will influence the "power of the Negro vote" in the three-way contest, including voter...
    • Q34220
    • "Negroes' Most Urgent Needs."

    • 1955 March
    • Flier issued by African American citizens in Montgomery, Alabama, to expose the injustices and unacceptable living conditions affecting their community.
    • Q2571
    • "Pensacola's Street Car Boycott by Negroes."

    • 1905 May 17
    • This article reports that African Americans in Pensacola, Florida, are boycotting street railroads to protest a proposed segregation ordinance. The article argues that while this response is common in cities with similar laws, the boycotts are...
    • Q17450
    • "Race Separation in the Street Cars."

    • 1902 November 5
    • This article compares street car ordinances in Mobile and New Orleans: "Of the two the Mobile law seems to be the best, for it does not require the making of separate compartments in the cars, but simply that white passengers shall be seated in the...
    • Q17437
    • "Selma's 'bloody Sunday' recalled after 10 years."

    • 1975 March 2
    • This article from the Mobile Press-Register recounts the events of "Bloody Sunday," which some citizens claim "hastened the passage of the voting rights act by Congress" in 1965. It then examines current conditions for African Americans in the...
    • Q34218 - Q34219
    • "Separation of Races."

    • 1902 November 4
    • This article reports the reactions of both African American and white citizens to the new ordinance requiring segregation on Montgomery street cars: "As a rule no trouble was experienced and the only thing noticeable was the absence of negroes from...
    • Q17436
    • "Strung Up."

    • 1889 January 16
    • Article from The Weekly Herald about the lynching of George Meadows at Pratt Mines in Jefferson County, Alabama. Meadows, an African American, was accused of assaulting a white woman and killing her young son.
    • Q14131 - Q14137
    • "To the Republicans of Dallas!"

    •  
    • Flier addressed to freedmen in Dallas County, Alabama, warning them of "recent converts to Republicanism" who will compete for their vote in the upcoming county elections. All the questionable candidates are mentioned, with evidence of their...
    • Q12161
    • "Twenty-Fifth Day."

    • 1861 March 6
    • This article gives the proceedings of the Confederate congress during the twenty-fifth day of its session. That day a delegation from Alabama presented a marble inkstand to the president of the congress, and J. L. M. Curry spoke about the gift's...
    • Q17510
    • "Votes for Colored Women."

    • 1919 circa
    • This flier discourages the passage of the "Susan B. Anthony amendment," warning that it will lead to the enfranchisement of African American women as well: "When the majority of the white women of Alabama want the ballot, let them ask for it...
    • Q97412
    • "Was There a Black Bloc Vote???"

    • 1970 May
    • Flier listing votes cast for Albert Brewer and George Wallace during the Democratic primary, held on May 5, 1970. The figures are only reported from select voting districts in counties with large African American populations (Dallas, Jefferson,...
    • Q30138
    • "Will Separate Races on Cars."

    • 1900 August 7
    • This article announces that the Montgomery city council has adopted an ordinance to segregate street cars: "...all street railroads operated in the City of Montgomery and its police jurisdiction shall provide separate accommodations for white...
    • Q17402
    • "You Must Vote - If We're to Keep Alabama White!

    • 1960 May
    • Flier issued by the Committee for Free Democratic Electors, encouraging voters to choose electors who "will protect to the utmost our Southern Way of Life" when participating in the 1960 presidential election. They oppose the "National 'Loyalist'...
    • Q48491
    • Alabama Constitution of 1875.

    • 1875 October 6
    • Also known as the "Bourbon," "Conservative," or "Redeemer Constitution." The constitution includes the following articles: declaration of rights; state and county boundaries; distribution of powers of government; executive department; legislative...
    •  
    • Alabama Election News, volume 1, number 1.

    • 1970 May 27
    • This newsletter, a paid political advertisement by the Committee for an Informed Electorate, promotes George Wallace in the gubernatorial campaign. Many of the articles and advertisements focus on the support Albert Brewer (Wallace's opponent) is...
    • Q30141 - Q30148
    • Annual report for the state treasurer of Alabama.

    • 1825
    • The report gives revenue and expenses for the year. One source of income listed is the "Sales of captured African Slaves (being part of the proceeds of the sale of fifteen slaves)"; this earned the state almost $3,700. Among the expenses is a $300...
    • Q13963 - Q13966
    • Anonymous letter from Oakland, California, to the Governor of Alabama.

    • 1931 June 20
    • An anonymous letter sent to Governor Miller. This letter suggests that African Americans should have never come to the United States, but that the people of Alabama could "wipem all out in a few days." Whether the sender truly believes they are...
    • Q63027

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